streda 6. augusta 2014

Phrasal verbs I.

We often use verbs with following words:

in, on, up, away, round, about, over, by, out, off, down, back, through, along, forward

So you can say look out / get on / take off / run away etc. These are phrasal verbs.

We often use on/off/out etc. with verbs of movement. For example:

get on - The bus was full. We couldn't get on.
drive off - A woman got into the car and drove off.
come back - Sally is leaving tomorrow and coming back on Saturday.
turn round - When I touched him on the shoulder, he turned round.

But often the second word (on/off/out etc.) gives a special meaning to the verb. For example:

break down - Sorry I'm late. The car broke down.
look out - Look out! There's a car coming. (be careful)
take off - It was my first flight. I was nervous as the plane took off. (went into the air)
get on - How was the exam? How did you get on? (How did you do?)
get by - My French isn't very good, but it's enough to get by. (manage)

Sometimes a phrasal verb is followed by a preposition. For example:

phrasal verb - preposition - example
run away - from - Why did you run away from me?
keep up - with - You're walking too fast. I can't keep up with you.
look up at - We looked up at the plane as it flew above us.
look forward - to - Are you looking forward to your holiday?

Sometimes a phrasal verb has an object. Usually there are two possible positions for the object.
I turned on the light. / I turned the light on.
If the object is a pronoun (it/them/me/him etc.), only one position is possible:
I turned it on. (not I turned on it)

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